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- Chinese filenames
January 29, 2007, 1:32 pm
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Firstly, I would like to know if you can open chinese filenames under
win2000 using PHP 5.0? I have a file named 中国.php, and try
to open it
fopen(‘中国.php','r');. I save the source file as UTF
-8. I get the
Warning: fopen(中国.php) [function.fopen]: failed to open str
such file or directory in E:\Translation\Website
Development\webroot\testing\zhongguo.php on line 8
I have triple checked that the file exists. Changing the source code
encoding to 'Unicode (UCS-2)' leads to no output in the browser
Does PHP even support opening chinese filenames?
Secondly, I'm having some trouble accessing filenames with chinese
characters that have been uploaded via HTTP. I'm using PHP 5 and
Apache 2.2. When I
attempt to upload a file with chinese filenames, the file name gets
mutated into dashes, pretty much matching the behaviour described at
'http://gallery.menalto.com/node/57709 '. However, I need the original
filename (to store in a DB). The post on the manual website by
kweechang at yahoo dot com at http://au3.php.net/manual/en/
field. This would work fine but for now I'm trying not to resort to
Re: Chinese filenames
I don't know how exactly fopen() handles strings containing characters
other that ASCII, but it is better to not rely on the underlying file
system for portability reasons. Always use simple ASCII characters. For
files uploaded via HTTP, store their original name in a DB table properly
created to support UTF-8.
0. Ensure your PHP script be properly UTF-8 encoded. This is important
if it contains some literal string.
1. Ensure the page containing the FORM be UTF-8 encoded. For example:
header("Content-Type: text/html; charset=UTF-8");
Photo (accepted GIF, PNG o JPEG, max 500 KB):
<INPUT type=hidden name=MAX_FILE_SIZE value=512000>
<INPUT type=file name=PHOTO size=50 maxlength=512000><p>
<INPUT type=submit name=save_button value=Save>
The file name returned from the client will have the same encoding of the
page containing the FORM, that is UTF-8.
2. The name of the file can be acquired as a UTF-8 string:
$field = "PHOTO";
if( ! isset($_FILES) || ! isset($_FILES[$field]) )
die("No file uploaded.");
$error = (int) $_FILES[$field]['error'];
$name = (string) $_FILES[$field]['name'];
$type = (string) $_FILES[$field]['type'];
$size = (int) $_FILES[$field]['size'];
$tmp_name = (string) $_FILES[$field]['tmp_name'];
if( $error !== 0 )
die("Upload error code $error.");
# Here: check actual UTF-8 encoding and max length for $name.
# Here: check actual MIME $type against the allowed MIME types.
# Here: check actual $size limit.
# Here: store the file $tmp_name in a proper place with a proper name.
3. Ensure the DB you are using really has support for UTF-8. For example,
retrieve the file name once saved and compare it with the string just
acquired from the POST.
4. Don't try to save the file under the underlying file system using the
name provided by the client, always use some other identifier, for example
the primary key assigned by the DB (typically a simple number). Since the
file name now contain only simple ASCII chars, fopen() should not give
/_|_\ Umberto Salsi
Re: Chinese filenames
I actually thought of doing this, but was wondering if PHP could in
fact do it. Never mind, I'll go along with your suggestion.
As for the file names after uploading, I had done everything you
suggested. I noticed that after choosing the filename in Firefox 1.5,
the filename got mangled in the text input section of the file input
(where the filename goes after you choose a file when browsing)! I
tried it on IE 6 and it worked correctly!! This implies to me that
there might be a bug in FF. I'll file a bug report on mozilla and see