FAQ 8.28 How can I call backticks without shell processing?

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8.28: How can I call backticks without shell processing?

    This is a bit tricky. You can't simply write the command like this:

            @ok = `grep @opts '$search_string' @filenames`;

    As of Perl 5.8.0, you can use "open()" with multiple arguments. Just
    like the list forms of "system()" and "exec()", no shell escapes happen.

            open( GREP, "-|", 'grep', @opts, $search_string, @filenames );
            chomp(@ok = <GREP>);
            close GREP;

    You can also:

            my @ok = ();
            if (open(GREP, "-|")) {
                    while (<GREP>) {
                            push(@ok, $_);
                    close GREP;
            } else {
                    exec 'grep', @opts, $search_string, @filenames;

    Just as with "system()", no shell escapes happen when you "exec()" a
    list. Further examples of this can be found in "Safe Pipe Opens" in

    Note that if you're using Windows, no solution to this vexing issue is
    even possible. Even if Perl were to emulate "fork()", you'd still be
    stuck, because Windows does not have an argc/argv-style API.


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