FAQ 3.18 How can I free an array or hash so my program shrinks?

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3.18: How can I free an array or hash so my program shrinks?

    (contributed by Michael Carman)

    You usually can't. Memory allocated to lexicals (i.e. my() variables)
    cannot be reclaimed or reused even if they go out of scope. It is
    reserved in case the variables come back into scope. Memory allocated to
    global variables can be reused (within your program) by using undef()ing
    and/or delete().

    On most operating systems, memory allocated to a program can never be
    returned to the system. That's why long-running programs sometimes re-
    exec themselves. Some operating systems (notably, systems that use
    mmap(2) for allocating large chunks of memory) can reclaim memory that
    is no longer used, but on such systems, perl must be configured and
    compiled to use the OS's malloc, not perl's.

    In general, memory allocation and de-allocation isn't something you can
    or should be worrying about much in Perl.

    See also "How can I make my Perl program take less memory?"


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