# leakage current of DDR ram

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Hello all,

Does anyone have an idea of the order of magnitude of the leakage
current of DDR rams ?

According to the specs of a randomly-chosen DDR RAM, the IO pin max
"INPUT LEAKAGE CURRENT" can vary from -5 to +5 uA. I imagine it has to
do with if the pin is sourcing or sinking current. The dilemma that I
have is that I want the max "LEAKAGE CURRENT" when the device is
completly inert (no clock activity) and powered on; not the IO pin max
INPUT LEAKAGE CURRENT.

I suspect that LEAKAGE CURRENT and the INPUT LEAKAGE CURRENT are one
and the same since the current does enter after all from the vdd pin.
All I have to do is ignore the negative value, since leakage current is
always positive

Is this reasonning correct?

Please advise
-Roger

## Re: leakage current of DDR ram

The 2 are not the same. Input leakage current is the
current drawn by the input from the source device.
I'm unsure what you mean by leakage current, but suspect
you mean it's the current drain of the IC in question.

## Re: leakage current of DDR ram

Pen wrote:

You are rigth. These 2 parameters are not the same.
What I meant to say was that since the IC's LEAKAGE CURRENT does enter
the IC from IO pins (the vdd pins), can't the "max INPUT LEAKAGE
CURRENT" parameter be used to determine the "max IC  LEAKAGE CURRENT" ?

P.S This is what was said w.r.t the INPUT LEAKAGE CURRENT parameter:
Leakage number reflects the worst case leakage possible through the
module pin, not what each memory device contributes.

P.P.S There was no LEAKAGE CURRENT parameter given for the IC (DDR RAM)

-Roger

## Re: leakage current of DDR ram

Input leakage current is for each and every I/O pin
in an input state. It does not apply to supply pins.

Quiescent supply current would be the "leakage" into a
power supplying pin. I quickly looked at a couple DDR
DRAM chip datasheets, and it is not specified. I expect
the DRAM manufacturer wants you to keep the clock running,
whenever the device has power on it. CKE is used to gate
the clock and reduce device power.

Leakage current on a CMOS input pin can be positive or negative.
AFAIK (I'm not a silicon pad designer), the P and N channel
input impedance is extremely high. The leakage current
comes from the protection diodes and not the transistor
gates. One protection diode is tied to the positive rail,
the other diode tied to ground (or to a substrate generator).
Presumably the input leakage spec is related to how these
diodes leak, and the temperature condition for the chip
would be speced to maximize the leakage current (i.e. 70C
would max the leakage for the diodes, and the current
doubles for every 7C rise in temp).

In the good old days, someone invented the "IDDQ test" for
CMOS devices. Some smart person noticed that pure CMOS
devices had very little current flow through the supply
pins, if all inputs had defined voltages and no clock was
present. The factory could do a preliminary die sort, by
looking at how much leakage current flowed through the
supply pins, while the device was quiescent. If more than
0 microamps was flowing, then there must be a DC fault in
some internal gate(s) and the device could be discarded,
without wasting money on packaging it.

Things have changed a bit since the "IDDQ test" was invented.
Geometries are a lot smaller, and suddenly there is a
significant quiescent leakage on the newer technologies. I'm
not sure IDDQ is useful any more, as one faulty gate inside
a silicon die would cause a current flow that would be swamped
out by the magnitude of the leakage from the rest of the
normal gates.

In any case, I don't see a value in a DDR spec sheet for a
traditional IDDQ condition. It seems all the current consumption
specs are with the clock running ? That is what I think I'm
reading in the datasheet.

The lowest current condition I can find, is 4mA, and that appears
to be with CKE disabled, but the clock is still running. Your
"IDDQ" will be less than 4mA and greater than 0mA. You should
contact your local FAE (who can contact the factory for you),
and ask several questions:

1) Is it safe to have a DDR DRAM chip powered but with no
clock running ? (Of course all data is lost.)
2) Do I have to go through the JEDEC initialization sequence,
before turning off the clock, yet continuing to meet
valid Vih/Vil for all inputs, clock included ? In
other words, you might not be allowed to just raise
the rail voltage with the clock disabled and leave it
like that forever. The JEDEC initialization sequence
may make some difference to internal nodal states.
3) Is there is preferred parked state for the clock
(differential 1-0 or 0-1 state, or even some normally
illegal state like 1-1 or 0-0, achieved with weak
pullup or pulldown resistors) ?
4) Can your factory provide me with typical values of
IDDQ for the above stated conditions, such as my stated
pre-condition (2) above, or some particular clock state
as in (3) ?

It is possible there is at least one charge pump inside the
device, and that might have a leakage associated with it.
My wild-assed guess is the current into the device supply
rails will be greater than 0mA, even if the clock is turned
off. Also, some DRAM devices have internal voltage
regulators, which of course would trash your hopes of a
zero power consumption.

And if you are thinking of solving the problem by using
a MOSFET to turn off the power to the DRAM chip, think
again. The I/O pins can become a sneak path for large
currents to flow. In the old days, if we turned off the
power on one of our CMOS subsystems, so much power would
flow through the I/O signals between subsystems, that the
rails on the unpowered subsystem would rise enough for
the thing to keep running! You may find it quite difficult
to prevent the DRAM from using the juice. The protection
diodes on the inputs are the sneak path. If there are
series resistors on the protection diodes, the problem may
not be as severe as if the diodes are directly connected
between input and rails.

You're going to have lots of fun :-)

Paul

## Re: leakage current of DDR ram

Paul wrote:

Hmmm...
Something just occured to me....

Since the MAX INPUT LEAKAGE CURRENT parameter is defined as [-5uA to
+5uA] and the DDR SDRAM has 184 pins, then the maximum TOTAL input
leakage current that is being sourced by the pins to the IC (if all the
pins are placed at vdd save for the gnd pins) is 184x5uA=920uA (~1mA).
That is a pretty impressive leakage current, for doing absolutely
nothing!
Of course, that is, if there is no underlying charge pump in the DDR
SDRAM.

P.S Why do you refer to the DDR SDRAM as a DRAM ?

-Roger

## Re: leakage current of DDR ram

Because I'm older than you are :-)

Paul